Aug 29, 2019 · Since these are relatively shallow shots, the needle required is small and short—typically one-half to five-eighths of an inch long with a gauge of 25 to 30. Intramuscular injections go directly into a muscle. Muscle is deeper than the subcutaneous layer of skin, so the needle used for intramuscular injections must be thicker and longer. To determine the proper needle length for your patients’ vaccinations, the first things you need to consider are the route of injection — whether it is intramuscular (IM) or subcutaneous (SC) — and the anatomic site of the injection.
Intramuscular Injection Guidelines for Needle Length and Gauge Selection* * Adapted from Fundamentals of Nursing: Human Health and Function, R. Craven, C. Hirnle, 4th ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2003 ** Prior to administering an IM injection, refer to your procedure manual to determine the injection site utilizing body landmarks. Start studying ATI Med Admin 3. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. intramuscular injection. The proper needle length when giving an intramuscular injection in the ventrogluteal area to an average-sized adult is which?
age Needle length injection site Infants (1–12 mos) ⅝" Fatty tissue over anterolateral thigh muscle Children 12 mos or older, adolescents, and adults ⅝" Fatty tissue over anterolateral thigh muscle or fatty tissue over triceps Intramuscular (IM) injection Use a 22–25 gauge needle. Choose the injection site and needle length that is. How to Administer Intramuscular and Subcutaneous. Vaccine Injections to Adults. Needle size. 22–25 gauge, 1–1½" needle (see note at right) • Pinch up on the tissue to prevent injection into the muscle. Insert the needle at a 45° angle to the skin.
What is the recommended site and needle length for giving influenza vaccine by intramuscular injection to adults? Decisions on needle size and injection site when administering vaccine by intramuscular injection must be made for each person based on size of the muscle, thickness of the fatty tissue at the injection site, and injection technique. The needle length is based on patient weight and body mass index. A thin adult may require a 16 mm to 25 mm (5/8 to 1 inch) needle, while an average adult may require a 25 mm (1 inch) needle, and a larger adult (over 70 kg) may require a 25 mm to 38 mm (1 to 1 1/2 inch) needle. Children and infants will require shorter needles.