Based on the theory of andragogy, adult learners may also have external responsibilities and situations that impact the learning process — be it a job, family commitments, or both. Finally, adult learners are normally studying out of choice, so you can reasonably assume that intrinsic motivation is high. Younger Learners are Adult Learners are Subject-oriented, seeking to successfully complete each course, regardless of how the course relates to their own goals.. Problem-centered and seek educational solutions that will take them from where they are to where they want to be in their life or profession.. Future-oriented, since they are often in a stage of life when education is a.
Research on Adult Learners in College Classrooms. A number of studies have explored the characteristics of adult learners in the college classroom, providing substantial but not unqualified support for the assumptions linked to the theoretical frameworks of adult . This CAELA brief draws attention to the benefits of and the support needed to implement a problem-based learning approach in the adult English language-learner classroom. The author first reviews the research that makes problem-based learning, a teaching approach that stresses both cognitive and metacognitive aspects of learning, relevant for adult ESL students.