Craniofacial Abnormalities | Johns Hopkins Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery - cranial facial abnormalities

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cranial facial abnormalities - Möbius syndrome - Wikipedia


Antley-Bixler Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that is primarily characterized by distinctive malformations of the head and facial (craniofacial) area and additional skeletal abnormalities. For example, the disorder is typically associated with premature closure of the fibrous joints (cranial sutures) between particular bones of the skull. Craniofacial abnormalities are congenital musculoskeletal disorders which primarily affect the cranium and facial bones.. They are associated with the development of the pharyngeal arches. Approximately, 5% of the UK or USA population present with dentofacial deformities requiring Orthognathic surgery, jaw surgery, and Orthodontics, brace therapy, as a part of their definitive treatment.Specialty: Medical genetics.

Various craniofacial abnormalities (CFA) result from maldevelopment of the 1st and 2nd visceral arches, which form the facial bones and ears during the 2nd month of gestation. Causes include several thousand genetic syndromes as well as prenatal environmental factors (eg, . Craniofacial is a medical term that relates to the bones of the skull and face. Craniofacial abnormalities are birth defects of the face or head. Some, like cleft lip and palate, are among the most common of all birth defects.Others are very rare.

Reflux, facial palsy and other cranial nerve anomalies may additionally compromise feeding in these children. There is a very high risk for repeated aspiration pneumonia. If MRI is being considered, also consider a few more cuts to view the inner and middle ear, as there is a very high frequency of ossicular malformations and/or Mondini defect. Craniofacial surgery, which consists of reconstruction of the cranial vault and/or facial skeleton with or without simultaneous soft tissue reconstruction, can be performed when these deformities interfere with physical and/or mental well-being. Specific syndromes in which craniofacial abnormalities are the primary feature will be reviewed here.

Craniofacial disorder describes malformations of the face and skull that may result from birth defect, disease or trauma. Learn about the different types of craniofacial disorders and how they can be treated. Möbius syndrome is an extremely rare congenital neurological disorder which is characterized by facial paralysis and the inability to move the eyes from side to side. Most people with Möbius syndrome are born with complete facial paralysis and cannot close their eyes or form facial expressions. Limb and chest wall abnormalities sometimes occur with the syndrome.Specialty: Medical genetics.